Sophie Tucker and The Blue Amberol that Wasn’t

You may have noticed that three different CDs of ours include the all-time classic, “Some of These Days,” by Sophie Tucker, recorded in 1911 for Edison. It first appeared on our Stomp and Swerve CD in 2003, and then again on Origins of the Red Hot Mama in 2009, and yet again on 1911: “Up, Up a Little Bit Higher,” which came out last year. There’s no questioning its significance in the history of American song. But how popular was it really at the time?

The American Quartet, with Billy Murray in the lead, recorded the Shelton Brooks song first: December 27, 1910, for Victor 16834. Elise Stevenson and the Columbia Quartette made it for Columbia A1029 on May 29, 1911. Sophie Tucker’s version for Edison was recorded around February-March 1911 and released in June 1911 on four-minute wax Amberol 691. The great thing about these original renditions is that you get the verses along with the chorus; when the song became popular again in the 1920s, nobody recorded the verses. Sophie’s is definitely the best of the bunch, and pop researcher Joel Whitburn suggests that it was a very popular record.

Here’s the second half of the song (from our 1911 yearbook):

 

Try to find a copy of the original cylinder today. When it does show up at auction, it goes for big money (we’re talking close to a thousand bucks), just like all of Tucker’s cylinders. One imperfect sign of a hit record is the persistence of copies today, and “Some of These Days” fails this test. We got to thinking about this the other day because we still are not clear why Sophie stopped making records between 1911 and late 1918. It’s true that most stage stars did not have recording careers—either they didn’t like recording or had schedules that never allowed for it—but Sophie’s activities in the studio both early on and in after-years shows that she wasn’t afraid of the acoustic horn or the electric microphone. Stars like Nora Bayes and Al Jolson, on the other hand, kept one foot firmly on the stage and the other inside the studio. As a result we have a trove of their recordings today.

 Edison Amberol lid for

Edison Amberol lid for “Some of These Days” (Courtesy Edison National Historic Site)

A number of artists appeared on the sheet music to

A number of artists appeared on the sheet music to “Some of These Days,” including Sophie’s rival Blossom Seeley. Seeley did not record the song.  (Courtesy Adam Swanson)

Tucker began making records at a very tenuous time in the Edison business narrative. She debuted in early 1910 with selections on the old two-minute wax format, which was slowly being phased out in favor of the longer-playing wax Amberols, which had been introduced in 1908. Moreover, the wax compound Edison used for these late two-minute records was especially brittle and subject to degradation. Add that up and you see these are difficult records to find—especially in playable condition.

So if Sophie’s six two-minute Standard cylinders are hard to find, then surely her four four-minute Amberols are more plentiful, yes? No again. Even though the company was putting its weight behind the longer format, it did so half-heartedly, knowing it would be switching to the celluloid Blue Amberol format as soon as legal roadblocks came down and the factory could feasibly make the transition. Furthermore, wax Amberols might be the most fragile record ever mass-produced. You look at one the wrong way, and it can break.

Well, all is not lost, you would think, because something like 30% of the Blue Amberol catalog consists of wax Amberols that were made over. That is, Edison used the master molds intended for the wax process to make new celluloid Blue Amberols. For the most part, these sound terrific—as good or almost as good as the brand new “live” recordings Edison made on the Blue Amberol format between 1912 and 1914. Unfortunately, neither “Some of These Days” nor any of Sophie’s other Amberol originals was selected for do-over on the new format. Which leaves us to question: was it really all that popular of a record? Or, was there some kind of dispute between singer and company that put them on the outs with each other? Perhaps some document or somebody’s journal will turn up one day and tell us the truth, but for now, we can only surmise that Sophie was ahead of her time, and that record buyers of 1911 were not quite ready for her kind of plaintive wailing that came blasting out of the phonograph horn.

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One thought on “Sophie Tucker and The Blue Amberol that Wasn’t

  1. The first reissue I have of this record is on Mark 56 Records copyright 1976. The cylinder is scratchy, quite unlike the three cylinders featured on the Archeophone CDs. From my experience with these four minute Amberols they are brittle, scratchy and of low volume. I would suppose that ‘Some Of These Days’ was and still is popular and those who owned the cylinder played it until it broke. I play it on ‘The Origins Of the Red Hot Mama’ CD. It sounds great! Sophie Tucker was a headstrong woman. She could have easily angered the Edison staff. Until I can find an explanation, I suppose we will never know the truth. Keep the music coming!

    John L Frigo

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