Play that Barber-Shop Ad

There’s a new commercial for DIRECTV starring Peyton Manning, quarterback for the Denver Broncos. As with other ads in the series, we have two versions of the star—Manning in this case: one is a suave, well-adjusted customer of DIRECTV; the other is a pathetic version of himself who is a cable customer. In this new ad, the pathetic Manning’s defining characteristic is his freakishly high voice. Instead of being able to watch all the NFL games on his mobile device like DIRECTV Peyton, really-high-voice Peyton sings with the Four Tunesmen—a barbershop quartet, appearing complete with Shakey’s uniforms. We get to hear them sing “The Camptown Races.” Well, that got our attention.

Countertenor Will Oakland, one of two male pioneer recording stars with naturally very high voices. (Archeophone Records Collection)

Countertenor Will Oakland, one of two male pioneer recording stars with naturally very high voices. (Archeophone Records Collection)

We looked around to gauge the “buzz” on the ad and found a Fox program that seemed to be having a lot of fun with it, heaping on mock indignation about the slight against barbershop quartets. They even interviewed a barbershop expert who tried to look serious as he condemned the ad for erroneously having Peyton, in the job of first tenor, carry the melody. Now, we’re not aficionados of the genre—we just love our American, Peerless, and Haydn Quartets—but yes, the second tenor would usually be the one carrying the melody in most of the arrangements. That means second tenors Billy Murray, Henry Burr, and Harry Macdonough of the American, Peerless, and Haydn, respectively—instead of first tenors John Bieling, Albert Campbell, and John Bieling (he was in demand).

But that wasn’t always the case with all quartets. The most notable example we can think of would be the Fisk University Jubilee Quartet. Director John Work II was the group’s first tenor on the records made between 1909 and 1916 for Victor, Edison, Columbia, and Starr, and he sings lead on a number of the arrangements. It is indeed a very odd thing to hear at first. Once you get used to it, of course, these songs have a beautiful, disarming quality.

The commercial really plays up the high speaking voice of Peyton. Some first tenors have higher-pitched speaking voices, but they are not usually so comically high-pitched (in fact, these days a lot of the first tenors are just regular tenors or even baritones who are faking it with falsetto). We wondered whether the ad-maker were really suggesting Peyton was a counter-tenor—that is, a male voice in the range of a female contralto or mezzo-soprano. The most famous counter-tenors of the early recording period were Richard Jose and Will Oakland. If you’ve never heard these two, they’re something else.

Oakland put out a self-produced album in 1954 celebrating his 50th anniversary in show business, on which he narrates his life story and plays snippets of his records. He assures us that his voice is and was always natural—no faking it. His speaking voice does tend to a higher register, but not as much as you might guess, considering the notes he could reach. Oakland’s solos may be an acquired taste. You can sample “Mother Machree” on an Edison four-minute wax Amberol or “I Love the Name of Mary” on a disc from 1911. We happen to be quite fond of Mr. Oakland when he’s in a group, such as Campbell-Oakland-Burr (the original three tenors!) doing “I’m on My Way to Mandalay” or “Everything Reminds Me of that Old Sweetheart of Mine.” The arrangements put in just the right measure of the counter-tenor to make it a captivating sound.

Most appealing of all are the tracks Oakland did as the fifth member of the Heidelberg Quintet from 1912 through 1914. This was the personnel of the American Quartet—Bieling and Murray, Steve Porter (baritone), and William F. Hooley (bass)—plus Oakland. Like the barbershop expert would approve, the group has Murray singing lead, with all the other parts providing harmony and counterpoint in perfect balance. The group’s arrangements by George Botsford (writer of “The Grizzly Bear” rag) are thrillingly syncopated and timeless. Not at all schlocky like we sometimes hear these days.

Here’s a song from our CD of the complete Heidelberg Quintet, Floatin’ Down the River, for you to enjoy.

You’ll hear Oakland getting a couple of solo lines at the end of each verse, but then listen for his counter-tenor accenting the chorus, not overwhelming it. “In the Heart of the Kentucky Hills” is special for us because one side of Rich’s family comes from there. We remember playing the song in the car for his late great-aunt as we drove . . . through the heart of the Kentucky hills. “Beautiful!” she cried.

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